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A new Great game over the world's arable land?

Karsenty A.. 2018. In : Dhérissard Guillaume (ed.). Soils as a key component of the critical zone 2: Societal issues. Londres : ISTE; Wiley, p. 13-37. (Geosciences Series. Soils set, 2).

DOI: 10.1002/9781119438137.ch2

In the 19th Century, Imperial Russia looked to take control of the sea ports of the warm seas of the Arabian/Persian Gulf. It was the "Great Game", which the newspapers of the time so liked to depict, used to disguise the hushed confrontation between the Russian bear, the English lion and the Persian cat. It all started in 2008 with the dramatic announcement of the ninety-nine year ¿rental¿ by the Korean Daewoo Logistics of half of the arable land of Madagascar, that is, 1.3 million hectares. The International Land Coalition (ILC), which joins together 81 organizations and international institutions, carried out a study between 2010 and 2011 which provided an update on the figures issued by the World Bank. ILC prefers to use the expression ¿commercial pressure on the land¿, as they believe that not all transactions carried out equate to land grabbing. With this unprecedented wave of transnational investments, agricultural land has entered globalization.

Mots-clés : accès à la terre; terre arable; investissement étranger; madagascar

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