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Role of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus during the 2011 dengue fever epidemics in Hanoi, Vietnam

Lien P.T.K., Duoc V.T., Gavotte L., Cornillot E., Nga P.T., Briant L., Frutos R., Duong T.N.. 2015. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 8 (7) : p. 543-548.

Objective: To record the human cases of dengue fever (DF) and investigate the Aedes mosquito species circulating during the Hanoi 2011 DF epidemics. Methods: 24 different outbreak points were recorded in 8 districts between August and December 2011. Results: 140 patients were hospitalized following dengue diagnostic with a predominance of males (59.3%) and the 15¿34 age class. Only DENV-1 (11.27%) and DENV-2 (88.73%) serotypes were detected in human samples. Mosquito sampling performed in and around patients households revealed the predominance of Aedes aegypti (A. aegypti) (95.15%) versus Aedes albopictus (4.85%). Conclusions: There is a positive correlation between the population density of A. aegypti and the number of human cases and duration of outbreaks. This was not observed for Aedes albopictus. Three pools of A. aegypti were positive with dengue virus, two with DENV-1 and one with DENV-2.

Mots-clés : vecteur de maladie; Épidémie; aedes albopictus; aedes aegypti; flaviviridae; viet nam; virus de la dengue

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Autres thèmes

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