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Metabolic responses to potassium availability and waterlogging reshape respiration and carbon use efficiency in oil palm

Cui J., Davanture M., Zivy M., Lamade E., Tcherkez G.. 2019. New Phytologist, 223 (1) : p. 310-322.

DOI: 10.1111/nph.15751

Oil palm is by far the major oil-producing crop on the global scale, with c. 62 Mt oil produced each year. This species is a strong potassium (K)-demanding species cultivated in regions where soil K availability is generally low and waterlogging due to tropical heavy rains can limit further nutrient absorption. However, the metabolic effects of K and waterlogging have never been assessed precisely. Here, we examined the metabolic response of oil palm saplings in the glasshouse under controlled conditions (nutrient composition with low or high K availability, with or without waterlogging), using gas exchange, metabolomics and proteomics analyses. Our results showed that both low K and waterlogging have a detrimental effect on photosynthesis but stimulate leaf respiration, with differential accumulation of typical metabolic intermediates and enzymes of Krebs cycle and alternative catabolic pathways. In addition, we found a strong relationship between metabolic composition, the rate of leaf dark respiration, and cumulated respiratory loss. Advert environmental conditions (here, low K and waterlogging) therefore have an enormous effect on respiration in oil palm. Leaf metabolome and proteome appear to be good predictors of carbon balance, and open avenues for cultivation biomonitoring using functional genomics technologies.

Mots-clés : elaeis guineensis; potassium; engorgement du sol; respiration du sol; photosynthèse; biomonitoring; cycle du carbone; australie; thaïlande; protéomique

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