Publications des agents du Cirad


Effect of a water gradient on the intensity of competition and productivity of annual crops intercropped with olive trees

Temani F., El Mrini S., Daoui K., Bouaziz A., Wery J., Barkaoui K.. 2019. In : Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Montpellier : CIRAD; INRA, p. 654. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, 2019-05-20/2019-05-22, Montpellier (France).

Olive-based agroforestry with annual crops is wide spread in Northern Morocco and more generally in the Mediterranean, but poor information is available on their functioning in the context of increasing aridity. In order to evaluate the changes in tree-crop interactions due to water shortage, we assessed the productivity of both a cereal (durum wheat) and a legume (faba bean) species intercropped with olive trees under three contrasting levels of water availability in an experimental trial in Morocco during 2017-2018. Water availability treatments were determined by adding different amounts of irrigation water to precipitation (P) during the growing phase (very wet treatment =P+15%; and control rainfed treatment=P). We assessed crop aboveground biomass, heigh, yield components and determine final grain yield at harvest. Water dynamics was also monitored each two weeks. Crops under olive trees were compared to full sun crops as control. Aboveground biomass and grain yield of both crops were significantly lower under olive trees than in full sun control (up to 27% yield reduction for durum wheat and 38% for faba bean). Indeed, strong reductions in number of grain per m2 explained observed yield reductions. Our results suggest that competition for light under olive trees is intense and prevails under Mediterranean subhumid conditions (experienced in 2017/2018) but trees could have beneficial impacts on crop water efficiency in a drier future.

Mots-clés : olea europaea; besoin en eau; compétition végétale; blé dur; vicia faba; culture associée; bilan hydrique; maroc

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :