Publications des agents du Cirad


Afforestation of savannah with cocoa agroforestry: a climate-smart sustainable agricultural practice

Harmand J.M., Nijmeijer A., Lauri P.E., Jagoret P., Freschet G.T., Essobo Nieboukaho J.D., Enock S., Fonkeng E.E., Sauvadet M., Gond V., Saj S.. 2019. In : Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Montpellier : CIRAD; INRA, p. 595. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, 2019-05-20/2019-05-22, Montpellier (France).

Recent studies based on remote sensing showed a gradual expansion of tree cover over savannah and agricultural land in the forest-savannah transition zone of Cameroon1, part of this expansion is actually due to shaded cocoa. Despite unfavourable conditions in herbaceous savannah (low soil fertility, weed competition and risk of bush fire), farmers have proven that afforestation is achievable using cocoa and specific technics to build up an associated tree canopy2. Full-grown cocoa agroforestry systems created on savannah (S-cAFS) and in forest (F-cAFS) seem to exhibit comparable multi-strata structure. Nevertheless, previous land uses and related canopy structures may have contrasted impacts on production and other ecosystem services over time. We selected 1 to 70 year-old S-cAFS and F-cAFS, and we used forest and savannah patches as controls3. By combining measurements of cocoa production, litter fall and cycling, soil quality, carbon storage and tree species diversity along this age gradient, we showed that those variables in S- and F-cAFS generally tended to comparable levels after several decades. Results also emphasized the ability of S-cAFS to increase most of the ecosystem services (ES) although the time needed to reach levels found in F-cAFS varied strongly amongst variables (Fig 1). Results also showed the positive contribution of associated plants to ES, particularly C storage and nutrient cycling contributing to REDD+ 4 and sustainability of the cropping system.

Mots-clés : agroforesterie; atténuation des effets du changement climatique; agriculture durable; savane; theobroma cacao; arbre d'ombrage; cameroun

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :