Publications des agents du Cirad


Evaluation of slaughter stress responses in the dromedary camel

Lemrhamed A., Tabite R., Abbadi N., El Khasmi M., Faye B.. 2019. International Journal of Livestock Research, 9 (8) : p. 78-90.

DOI: 10.5455/ijlr.20190527012442

Slaughter stress responses were evaluated in the dromedary camel by analyzing hematocrit (Hct), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), hemolysis (H%), catalase activity (CATa) and plasma levels of cortisol (COR), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), glucose and malondialdehyde (MDA). Blood was collected during three different steps: at the arrival of the animals at the slaughterhouse just after unloading (step 1), at the end of a rest period of 16 to 20 hours (step 2) and finally during bleeding (step 3) after exposure to traditional slaughter stress. NLR, H%, MDA, glucose, COR, T3 and T4 measured at step 2 were significantly (P<0.05) lower compared to those observed at step 1 or step 3. On the contrary, CATa measured at step 2 were significantly (P<0.05) higher than that analyzed at steps 1 and 3. In the camel, the slaughter procedure used here was muchmore stressfuland was able to alter the physiology of the animal.

Mots-clés : dromadaire; stress; abattoir; composition du sang; physiologie sanguine; maroc

Documents associés

Article (b-revue à comité de lecture)