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Emergence of southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus in the centuries-old Chinese Yuanyang agrosystem of rice landraces

Alonso P., Gladieux P., Moubset O., Shih P.J., Mournet P., Frouin J., Blondin L., Ferdinand R., Fernandez E., Julian C., Filloux D., Adreit H., Fournier E., Ducasse A., Grosbois V., Morel J.B., Huang H., Jin B., He X., Martin D.P., Vernière C., Roumagnac P.. 2019. Viruses, 11 (11) : 13 p..

DOI: 10.3390/v11110985

Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV), which causes severe disease symptoms in rice (Oriza sativa L.) has been emerging in the last decade throughout northern Vietnam, southern Japan and southern, central and eastern China. Here we attempt to quantify the prevalence of SRBSDV in the Honghe Hani rice terraces system (HHRTS)¿a Chinese 1300-year-old traditional rice production system. We first confirm that genetically diverse rice varieties are still being cultivated in the HHRTS and categorize these varieties into three main genetic clusters, including the modern hybrid varieties group (MH), the Hongyang improved modern variety group (HY) and the traditional indica landraces group (TIL). We also show over a 2-year period that SRBSDV remains prevalent in the HHRTS (20.1% prevalence) and that both the TIL (17.9% prevalence) and the MH varieties (5.1% prevalence) were less affected by SRBSDV than were the HY varieties (30.2% prevalence). Collectively we suggest that SRBSDV isolates are freely moving within the HHRTS and that TIL, HY and MH rice genetic clusters are not being preferentially infected by particular SRBSDV lineages. Given that SRBSDV can cause 30¿50% rice yield losses, our study emphasizes both the need to better monitor the disease in the HHRTS, and the need to start considering ways to reduce its burden on rice production.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; rice black streaked dwarf virus [en]; reoviridae; virus des végétaux; culture en terrasse; variété indigène; chine; southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (srbsdv); génotypage

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