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Poultry population dynamics and mortality risks in smallholder farms of the Mekong river delta region

Delabouglise A., Nguyen-Van-Yen B., Thanh N.T.L., Thanh N.T.L., Tuyet P.N., Lam H.M., Boni M.F.. 2019. BMC Veterinary Research, 15 : 13 p..

Background: Poultry farming is widely practiced by rural households in Vietnam and the vast majority of domestic birds are kept on small household farms. However, smallholder poultry production is constrained by several issues such as infectious diseases, including avian influenza viruses whose circulation remains a threat to public health. This observational study describes the demographic structure and dynamics of small-scale poultry farms of the Mekong river delta region. Method: Fifty three farms were monitored over a 20-month period, with farm sizes, species, age, arrival/departure of poultry, and farm management practices recorded monthly. Results: Median flock population sizes were 16 for chickens (IQR: 10¿40), 32 for ducks (IQR: 18¿101) and 11 for Muscovy ducks (IQR: 7¿18); farm size distributions for the three species were heavily right-skewed. Muscovy ducks were kept for long periods and outdoors, while chickens and ducks were farmed indoors or in pens. Ducks had a markedly higher removal rate (broilers: 0.14/week; layer/breeders: 0.05/week) than chickens and Muscovy ducks (broilers: 0.07/week; layer/breeders: 0.01¿0.02/week) and a higher degree of specialization resulting in a substantially shorter life span. The rate of mortality due to disease did not differ much among species, with birds being less likely to die from disease at older ages, but frequency of disease symptoms differed by species. Time series of disease-associated mortality were correlated with population size for Muscovy ducks (Kendall's coefficient ??=?0.49, p-value

Mots-clés : dynamique des populations; petite exploitation agricole; grippe aviaire hautement pathogène; Épidémiologie; volaille; canard; système d'élevage; mékong; viet nam

Thématique : Elevage - Considérations générales; Maladies des animaux

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