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Jurisdictional approach of farm-forest interfaces in Paragominas, PA: a municipal strategy to guarantee agricultural sustainable intensification and forest conservation in Amazonian landscapes

Poccard-Chapuis R., Poccard Chapuis R., Piketty M.G., Peçanha J., Drigo I., Gomes M.O., Pacheco P.. 2019. Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira, 39 : p. 118-118. IUFRO World Congress 2019 "Forest Research and Cooperation for Sustainable Development". 25, 2019-09-29/2019-10-05, Curitiba (Brésil).

In the Brazilian Amazon, since the last ten years, federal policies and value chains private commitments have been successful in reducing deforestation. However,the Amazonian landscapes are facing remaining challenges at the farm-forest interfaces such as halting forest degradation, restoring degraded lands. intensify and diversify land uses. Innovative local governance mechanisms are needed. This contribution will present a jurisdictional initiative in the Municipality of Paragominas (19342 km'). the first green municipality of the Brazilian Amazon. A geographic information system (GIS) has been developed, combining several data such as soils texture. slope. hydrographic and transport networks, land uses. forest cover including several level of degradation. It allowed to identify. for the whole municipality, land suitability for agricultural intensification and diversification, forest conservation and restoration and to support participative forward-looking scenarios. A municipal plan to reorganize land and forest uses has then been elaborated. Such plan allow to preserve or restore 9000 km2 of forests and to reforest 3500 km2 of land strategic for the production of ecosystems services. More 3500 km2 of degraded forest could be convened into productive agricultural systems and 4200 km2 of productive deforested areas could be intensified. Conversely to the classical opposition between production and conservation, this win-win strategy allows to build efficient landscapes and engage public and private actors. More, the GIS allows to monitor a large set of indicators that can be verified by third parties, such as certifying bodies. to transparently attest to the municipality's progress towards sustainability beyond the end of deforestation.

Mots-clés : forêt; déboisement; agriculture; utilisation des terres; services écosystémiques; développement durable; gouvernance; conservation des ressources; brésil; amazonie; juridiction

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