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Mapping land cover on Reunion Island in 2017 using satellite imagery and geospatial ground data

We here present a reference database and three land use maps produced in 2017 over the Reunion island using a machine learning based methodology. These maps are the result of a satellite image analysis performed using the Moringa land cover processing chain developed in our laboratory. The input dataset for map production consists of a single very high spatial resolution Pleiades images, a time series of Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8 images, a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and the aforementioned reference database. The Moringa chain adopts an object based approach: the Pleiades image provides spatial accuracy with the delineation of land samples via a segmentation process, the time series provides information on landscape and vegetation dynamics, the DTM provides information on topography and the reference database provides annotated samples (6256 polygons) for the supervised classification process and the validation of the results. The three land use maps follow a hierarchical nomenclature ranging from 4 classes for the least detailed level to 34 classes for the most detailed one. The validation of these maps shows a good quality of the results with overall accuracy rates ranging from 86% to 97%. The maps are freely accessible and used by researchers, land managers (State services and local authorities) and also private companies.

Mots-clés : topographie; landsat; base de données spatiale; cartographie de l'occupation du sol; imagerie par satellite; télédétection; réunion; machine learning

Thématique : Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Sciences et aménagement du sol

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