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Environmental impact of tsetse eradication in Senegal

Ciss M., Bassène M.D., Seck M.T., Mbaye A.G., Sall B., Fall A.G., Vreysen M.J.B., Bouyer J.. 2019. Scientific Reports, 9 (1) : 9 p..

The sterile insect technique is an environment friendly control tactic and is very species specific. It is not a stand-alone technique and has been used mostly in combination with other control tactics within an area-wide integrated pest management strategy. For a period of eight years, the direct impact of a campaign to eradicate a population of the tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis in Senegal was monitored using a set of fruit-feeding insect species (Cetoniinae and Nymphalidae) that served as ecological indicators of the health of the ecosystem. Here we show that the eradication campaign had very limited impacts on the apparent densities of the most frequent species as well as three diversity indexes during the reduction phase involving insecticides but reverted to pre-intervention levels as soon as the release of the sterile male insects started. These results greatly expand our understanding of the impact of vector eradication campaigns on non-target species.

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières

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