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Genotypic variation in source and sink traits affects the response of photosynthesis and growth to elevated atmospheric CO2

Fabre D., Dingkuhn M., Yin X., Clément-Vidal A., Roques S., Soutiras A., Luquet D.. 2020. Plant, Cell and Environment, 43 (3) : p. 579-593.

DOI: 10.1111/pce.13693

This study aimed to understand the response of photosynthesis and growth to e-CO2 conditions (800 vs. 400¿µmol mol-1) of rice genotypes differing in source¿sink relationships. A proxy trait called local C source¿sink ratio was defined as the ratio of flag leaf area to the number of spikelets on the corresponding panicle, and five genotypes differing in this ratio were grown in a controlled greenhouse. Differential CO2 resources were applied either during the 2¿weeks following heading (EXP1) or during the whole growth cycle (EXP2). Under e-CO2, low source¿sink ratio cultivars (LSS) had greater gains in photosynthesis, and they accumulated less nonstructural carbohydrate in the flag leaf than high source¿sink ratio cultivars (HSS). In EXP2, grain yield and biomass gain was also greater in LSS probably caused by their strong sink. Photosynthetic capacity response to e-CO2 was negatively correlated across genotypes with local C source¿sink ratio, a trait highly conserved across environments. HSS were sink-limited under e-CO2, probably associated with low triose phosphate utilization (TPU) capacity. We suggest that the local C source¿sink ratio is a potential target for selecting more CO2-responsive cultivars, pending validation for a broader genotypic spectrum and for field conditions.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; génotype; changement climatique; photosynthèse; séquestration du carbone; dioxyde de carbone; plasticité phénotypique; variété; colombie

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