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Biological control in Haiti

Ryckewaert P., Van Lenteren J.C.. 2020. In : Van Lenteren Joop C. (ed.), Bueno Vanda H.P. (ed.), Luna Maria Gabriela (ed.), Colmenarez Yelitza C. (ed.). Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: Its rich history and bright future. Wallingford : CABI, p. 271-274. (CABI Invasives Series, 12).

Biocontrol on Haiti is mainly in the form or classical biological control. Successful early projects are control of citrus blackfly by a hymenopteran parasitoid since the 1930s and control of the sugacane borer by an introduced tachinid parasitoid since 1953. After 1970 three hymenopteran parasitoids were introduced for control of the coffee berry borer. A new project concerns the introduction of predators against the fluted scale Crypticerya genistae. Most Haitian farmers have insufficient financial resources to apply chemical control, which creates possibilities for use of conservation biocontrol and also allows the ecosystem service of biocontrol to exhibit its role in pest and disease reduction.

Mots-clés : hypothenemus hampei; diatraea saccharalis; lixophaga diatraeae; aleurocanthus woglumi; contrôle de maladies; lutte antiravageur; agent de lutte biologique; lutte biologique; haïti; crypticerya genistae; anagyrus kamali; maconellicoccus hirsutus; phymastichus coffea; prorops nasuta; cephalonomia stephanoderis; eretmocerus serius

Thématique : Protection des végétaux : considérations générales; Ravageurs des plantes; Maladies des plantes

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