Publications des agents du Cirad

Cirad

Coupling dynamic carbon accounting and partial-equilibrium economic model for energy policy assessment

Albers A.C., Collet P., Lorne D., Benoist A., Helias A.. 2018. In : SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting - Abstract book. Bruxelles : SETAC Europe, p. 134. SETAC Europe Annual Meeting. 28, 2018-05-13/2018-05-17, Rome (Italie).

Energy production and consumption is the main driver for anthropogenic GHG emissions, and in the French context, the transportation sector is the principal emitter accounting for almost one third of these emissions. The growing need to reduce GHG emissions and mitigate climate change demands tapping alternative energy resources, as currently enforced by energy policies (e.g. the French Transition for Green Growth Act). LCA scholars increasingly assess the environmental performance of the advance biofuels, but mainly from a static perspective. Results are therefore limited to linear simplifications, whereby long-term impacts might be neglected or underestimated. New dynamic LCA approaches have been suggested, however no consensus is available on how to treat Cbio sequestration dynamics over different timeframes. This study further addresses the temporal shortcomings of bioenergy systems while considering future outlooks and consequences on the market dynamics. The approach consists of a hybrid-approach combining the MIRET energy systems model with dynamic Cbio accounting models towards dynamic LCA. The former ¿a prospective techno-economic partial-equilibrium model covering the French energy-transport sector¿represents scenario-dependent outputs over a long timeframes (2007 to 2050), exploring optimisation options under no-policy and policy-driven constraints. The latter assesses biomass growthand allometric relations representing the Cbio fixation of a vegetation species per hectare on an annual basis, and thus the time-dynamic Cbio flows between the atmosphere and the technosphere. The assessed Cbio flows primarily originate from lignocellulosic biomass and their co-products generated from MIRET outputs under business as usual and normative scenarios. The transformed Cbio inventories are then combined with both dynamic and static LCA characterisation factors, towards a comparison of both approaches. The results show that the time factor is an essential component to properly assess long-term Cbio sequestration potentials and climate benefits of lignocellulosic biofuels. The consideration of technological innovation and market dynamics in a transitioning energy system expands the assessment boundaries providing insights into least cost (economic optimisation) and low carbon (Cbio sequestration) options influenced by policy and decision constraints. Future refinements addressing other bioenergy paths are envisaged

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :