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Mozambican labour migrations, remittances and development: Evidence, practices and implications for policy

Mercandalli S., Nshimbi C.C., Moyo I.. 2017. In : Nshimbi Christopher Changwe (ed.), Moyo Inocent (ed.). Migration, cross-border trade and development in Africa: Exploring the role of non-state actors in the SADC region. Londres : Palgrave Macmillan, p. 15-42. (Palgrave Studies of Sustainable Business in Africa).

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-55399-3_2

Based on a review of the literature and interviews conducted between 2009 and 2011 with Mozambican migrants and members of their families, this chapter investigates some of the main characteristics of labour migration as well as the importance of remittances for the livelihoods of Mozambican households in the post-apartheid period. It then identifies some of the ways that can be explored in order to make the most of the potential of migration and remittances for development, instead of the prevalent dependent relationship. The chapter raises some of the challenges in the formulation of a regional labour migration policy that could promote the use of remittances for development.

Mots-clés : migration; Économie du travail; main d'oeuvre migrante; transfert des revenus; politique de développement; envois de fonds; lutte contre la pauvreté

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