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Evaluation of un-methylated DNA enrichment in sequencing of African swine fever virus complete genome

Pereira De Oliveira R., Lucas P., Chastagner A., De Boisseson C., Vial L., Le Potier M.F., Blanchard Y.. 2020. Journal of Virological Methods, 285 : 7 p..

DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2020.113959

African swine fever is a febrile hemorrhagic fever disease that is caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV) and is lethal for domestic pigs and wild boar. ASFV also infects soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros, some species of which can act as a vector for ASFV. Whole genome sequencing of ASFV is a challenge because, due to the size difference of the host genome versus the viral genome, the higher proportion of host versus virus DNA fragments renders the virus sequencing poorly efficient. A novel approach of DNA enrichment, based on the separation of methylated and un-methylated DNA, has been reported but without an evaluation of its efficacy. In this study, the efficiency of the un-methylated DNA enrichment protocol was evaluated for pig and tick samples infected by ASFV. As expected, fewer reads corresponding to ASFV were found in the methylated fraction compared to the un-methylated fraction. However, the sequencing coverage of the un-methylated fraction was not improved compared to the untreated DNA. In our hands, the ASFV DNA enrichment was inefficient for tick samples and very limited for pig samples. This enrichment process represents extra work and cost without a significant improvement of ASFV genome coverage. The efficiency of this enrichment approach and the cost/benefit ratio are discussed.

Mots-clés : virus peste porcine africaine; méthylation; génome; séquence d'adn

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