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Socioeconomic study for camel farming system in Egypt

Mansour S.F., Faye B.. 2016. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 4 (6) : p. 377-389.

The current study was conducted in Matrouh, Egypt during 2014. The main objectives were to determine the socio-economic situation of camel's herders in the region, to know the other economic activities of the camel's herders and to investigate the constraints and problems facing camel's herders and their solutions. Multistage, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 200 respondents for the study. Well-structured questionnaires were administered to the respondents to obtain data. Tabular analyses as well as descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that the age of more than half of camel's herders were between 27 - 50 years old, and most of the respondents (33%) were illiterate, 57.5% of them were only camel reared and 85.24% of them possessed their camel stock through inheritance. The results showed that, 88.6% of the respondents depend mainly on buying camels as source of income, and 39.05% pay 4000 LE yearly for zakaat or Islamic tax. The results also revealed that more than half of them depend only on family labor for herd management. The main constraints facing camel's herders in the study area were lack of labors, expansion of agriculture at the expense of the range lands, lack of general services for human and livestock.

Mots-clés : système d'exploitation agricole; camelidae; situation économique; environnement socioéconomique; contexte économique; ferme d'élevage; éleveur pastoral; Égypte; analyse socioéconomique

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