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Land use and land cover dynamics analysis of the Togodo protected area and its surrounding in Southeastern Togo, West Africa

Akodewou A., Oszwald J., Saïdi S., Gazull L., Akpavi S., Akpagana K., Gond V.. 2020. Sustainability, 12 (13) : 20 p..

DOI: 10.3390/su12135439

Assessing land use and land cover (LULC) change is essential for the sustainable management of natural resources, biodiversity conservation, monitoring food security, and research related to climate change and ecology. With increasingly rapid changes in LULC in response to human population growth, a better assessment of land use changes is more necessary than ever. Although a multitude of LULC assessment methods exists, none alone provides a clear understanding of changes and their underlying factors. This study analysed historical LULC changes over a temporal extent of 42 years (1974¿2016) in the Togodo Protected Area and its surroundings, in Togo, by associating intensity and trajectory analyses, that are complementary but rarely associated in the literature. Our results show that LULC change in our study site is linked to the combined effects of human activities, climate, and invasive plants, particularly Chromolaena odorata. While each type of analysis provides useful insights, neither intensity nor trajectory analysis alone provides a full picture of changes and their causes. This study highlights the usefulness of associating intensity and trajectory analyses when implementing any management policy.

Mots-clés : utilisation des terres; changement de couvert végétal; zone protegée; Évaluation des ressources; gestion des ressources naturelles; couvert; chromolaena odorata; Évaluation de l'impact; politique foncière; togo; changement dans l'usage des terres

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