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Could spatial features help the matching of textual data?

Fize J., Roche M., Teisseire M.. 2020. Intelligent Data Analysis, 24 (5) : p. 1043-1064.

DOI: 10.18167/DVN1/8LIG1D

DOI: 10.18167/DVN1/KH7YTO

DOI: 10.18167/DVN1/JLXBLA

DOI: 10.3233/IDA-194749

Textual data is available to an increasing extent through different media (social networks, companies data, data catalogues, etc.). New information extraction methods are needed since these new resources are highly heterogeneous. In this article, we propose a text matching process based on spatial features and assessed through heterogeneous textual data. Besides being compatible with heterogeneous data, it comprises two contributions: first, spatial information is extracted for comparison purposes and subsequently stored in a dedicated spatial textual representation (STR); and then two transformations are applied on STR to improve the spatial similarity estimation. This article outlines the proposed approach with new contributions: (i) a new geocoding methods using general co-occurrences between entities, and (ii) a thorough evaluation followed by (iii) an in-depth discussion. The results obtained on two corpora demonstrate that good spatial matches (¿ 80% precision on major criteria) can be obtained between the most similar STRs with further enhancement achieved via STR transformation.

Mots-clés : analyse de données; données; traitement de l'information; données spatiales; fouille de textes; analyse spatiale; analyse de texte; données textuelles; représentation graphique

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