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Non-targeted screening for oxidized lipids in foods

Deyrieux C., Durand E., Barouh N., Lecomte J., Michel-Salaun F., Baréa B., Kergourlay G., Villeneuve P.. 2018. In : Abstracts of the 2018 AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo. Minneapolis : AOCS, p. 18-18. 2018 AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo. 109, 2018-05-06/2018-05-09, Minneapolis (Etats-Unis).

Consumption of oxidized fats is known to have detrimental as well as beneficial effects. Studies on structural elucidation of individual oxidized lipids formed during food processing are missing. Thus, a thorough identification of oxidized lipids present in foods is required. We aimed at identifying oxidized triacylglycerols in thermally treated canola oil, pork, salmon, milk, butter and margarine by means of highresolution MS applying non-targeted screening. Changes in the abundances of oxidized triacylglycerols in differently heat-processed food samples were determined by LC-MS/MS. Besides many hydroperoxides, several epoxidized triacylglycerols could be identified, such as 18:0- 18:0-18:0 monoepoxide, 18:0-18:1-18:0 monoepoxide, 18:0-18:1-18:1 monoepoxide, 18:1-18:1-18:1 monoepoxide and 18:1-18:2-18:2 monoepoxide. Among all tested food lipids, canola oil showed to have the highest abundance of oxidized lipids even under non-thermally treated conditions at 25 °C. While most epoxidized triacylglycerols decreased by approximately 80% after thermal treatment at 180° C for 30 min, 18:0-18:1-18:1 monoepoxide did not change significantly, indicating a probable structure-specific formation and decomposition rate of oxidized lipids. Interestingly, epoxidized triacylglycerols almost completely vanished after thermal treatment at 80 °C for 30min whereas at 180°C these oxidized lipids were more abundant. Taken together, oxidized triacylglycerols could be identified in food lipids under household representative food processing. LC-MS/MS is a valuable approach to characterize the quality of food lipids and identify their oxidized triacylglycerol profile, which is of relevance to evaluate the biological effects of different oxidized lipids.

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