Publications des agents du Cirad


Covid-19 management by farmers and policymakers in Burkina Faso, Colombia and France: Lessons for climate action

Andrieu N., Hossard L., Graveline N., Dugué P., Guerra P., Chirinda N.. 2021. Agricultural Systems, 190 : 6 p..

DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2021.103092

CONTEXT: During crises, adaptation or recovery measures or plans at local or national scales may not necessarily address longer-term or structural problems such as climate change mitigation. OBJECTIVE: This article describes farmers and policymakers' responses to mitigate the adverse effects of Covid-19 on the agricultural sector. We then assess the responses' possible effects on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. METHODS: The study is based on surveys conducted with farmers, traders, and extension staff in Burkina Faso, Colombia, and France, and literature. We used the Cool Farm Tool calculator to assess GHG emissions associated with fertilizer production, crop production and produce transportation to international markets for the three main cash crops in the three countries. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We identified contrasting responses by the agricultural sector mostly driven by changes in the consumption patterns at local or international levels. We also identified contrasting state responses to mitigate Covid-19. These responses at farm and policy scales led to similar trends in decreasing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions across the studied countries. However, none of the studied countries linked Covid-19 response measures to long-term climate change mitigation actions. Therefore, an opportunity to sustain Covid-19 induced short-term decreases in GHG emissions was overlooked. SIGNIFICANCE: Analyzing the impacts that Covid-19 had on agricultural systems and the decision taken by policymakers to handle its direct and indirect effects can help society draw lessons on how to improve climate action.

Mots-clés : covid-19; émissions de gaz à effet de serre; atténuation des effets du changement climatique; Évaluation impact sur environnement; réduction des émissions; secteur agricole; prise de décision; crise économique; enquête sur exploitations agricoles; système d'exploitation agricole; burkina faso; colombie; france

Documents associés

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :