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A new chemotype of sandalwood (Santalum insulare Bertero ex A. DC.) from Marquesas Islands

Butaud J.F., Raharivelomanana P., Bianchini J.P., Baron C.. 2003. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 15 (4) : p. 238-241.

DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2003.9712129

Volatile constituents of sandalwood (Santalum insulare) concrete from the island of Nuku-Hiva in Marquesas Islands were studied using GC, GC/MS, HPLC and NMR. The investigation of nine main compounds showed important variations among sandalwood samples (from 3.5¿53.2% for a-santalol and from trace to 29.3% for (Z)-nuciferol). Statistical analysis put in relief a geographical segregation between sandalwoods growing in dry area in Terre-Déserte (14.6% of a- and ß-santalol, 17.1% of (Z)-nuciferol and 11.7% of 6,13-dihydroxybisabola-2,10-diene) and sandalwoods growing in wetter area of the other parts of the island (60.9% of a- and ß-santalol, 1.2% of (Z)-nuciferol and 0.7% of 6,13-dihydroxybisabola-2,10-diene). The chemotype rich in (Z)-nuciferol of Terre-Déserte constitutes a rare and new chemotype, which is described for the first time.

Mots-clés : huile essentielle; composé organique volatil; composition chimique; biochimie; polynésie française; france; santalum insulare; chimiotype

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