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Tannin-caprolactam and Tannin-PEG formulations as outdoor wood preservatives: Weathering properties

Tondi G., Hu J., Rizzo F., Buh J., Medved S., Petutschnigg A., Thévenon M.F.. 2017. Annals of Forest Science, 74 : 12 p..

DOI: 10.1007/s13595-016-0605-y

Context: Tannin-boron wood preservatives are known for their high resistance against leaching, biological attacks, fire as well as for the good mechanical properties that they impart to wood. These properties promoted these formulations for being a candidate for the protection of green buildings. However, the low elasticity of these polymers and their dark colour implied limited weathering resistances. Aims: The aim of the study is to find suitable additives for tannin-based formulations to overcome their limited weathering resistances, without compromising the other properties. Methods: Treatment, leaching and fire tests, dimensional stability as well as artificial and natural weathering of the timber treated with caprolactam-added and PEG-added formulations were performed. FT-IR and 13C-NMR of the formulations were presented. Results: The presence of caprolactam improved the properties of the formulation with particularly significant results in terms of resistance against leaching and dimensional stability. These enhancements were imparted also to the weathering resistance of the tannin-caprolactam formulations. Indeed, the colour changes during the artificial and natural exposures were stable for longer periods. FT-IR and 13C-NMR investigations of the advanced formulations were led, and covalent copolymerization of the caprolactam with the tannin-hexamine polymer was observed. Conclusion: The tannin formulations with caprolactam improved the durability of the wood specimens, while the PEG-tannin presented strong application drawbacks.

Mots-clés : préservation du bois; produit de préservation du bois; tannin; bore

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