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Comparing sterile male releases and other methods for integrated control of the tiger mosquito in temperate and tropical climates

Douchet L., Haramboure M., Baldet T., L'Ambert G., Damiens D., Gouagna L.C., Bouyer J., Labbe P., Tran A.. 2021. Scientific Reports, 11 : 14 p..

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86798-8

The expansion of mosquito species worldwide is creating a powerful network for the spread of arboviruses. In addition to the destruction of breeding sites (prevention) and mass trapping, methods based on the sterile insect technique (SIT), the autodissemination of pyriproxyfen (ADT), and a fusion of elements from both of these known as boosted SIT (BSIT), are being developed to meet the urgent need for effective vector control. However, the comparative potential of these methods has yet to be explored in different environments. This is needed to propose and integrate informed guidelines into sustainable mosquito management plans. We extended a weather-dependent model of Aedes albopictus population dynamics to assess the effectiveness of these different vector control methods, alone or in combination, in a tropical (Reunion island, southwest Indian Ocean) and a temperate (Montpellier area, southern France) climate. Our results confirm the potential efficiency of SIT in temperate climates when performed early in the year (mid-March for northern hemisphere). In such a climate, the timing of the vector control action was the key factor in its success. In tropical climates, the potential of the combination of methods becomes more relevant. BSIT and the combination of ADT with SIT were twice as effective compared to the use of SIT alone.

Mots-clés : aedes albopictus; lâcher d'insectes stériles; vecteur de maladie; méthode de lutte; lutte intégrée; dynamique des populations; climat tempéré; climat tropical; arboviruses [en]; france; réunion; languedoc-roussillon; pyriproxifène

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