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The politics of climate change adaptation in Brazil: framings and policy outcomes for the rural sector

Milhorance C., Sabourin E., Chechi L., Mendes P.. 2022. Environmental Politics, 31 (2) : p. 183-204.

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2021.1907097

This study addresses the problem of defining the scope and substance of the climate adaptation policy, which operates with comprehensive objectives and engages with multiple meanings, policy tools, and sectors to allow societies to cope with the effects of climate change. Analyzing the design of Brazil's National Adaptation Plan sheds light on the main goals and tools of the country's adaptation strategy for the rural sector and its divergent policy approaches at distinct subnational levels. This study shows that the government's ambition for promoting change drove the design process by mainstreaming climate adaptation goals into well-established development agendas, but it resulted in the layering of existing sector-based instruments. The Plan became a mix of loosely coordinated and inconsistent strategies, lacking a common implementation approach. Thereby, this analysis provides insight into the politics of adaptation policies and the challenges of promoting policy integration in this field.

Mots-clés : changement climatique; adaptation aux changements climatiques; politique de l'environnement; environnement rural; zone rurale; planification nationale; stratégies de développement rural; intégration; brésil; politique publique; politique rurale

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