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Conclusions

Gavier-Widén D., Bellini S., Chenais E., Ferreira F., Jori F., Le Potier M.F., Montoya M., Netherton C.L., Stahl K., Iacolina L.. 2021. In : Iacolina Laura (ed.), Penrith Mary-Louise (ed.), Bellini Silvia (ed.), Chenais Erika (ed.), Jori, Ferran (ed.), Montoya Maria (ed.), Ståhl Karl (ed.), Gavier-Widén Dolores (ed.). Understanding and combatting African Swine Fever. A European perspective. Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers, p. 305-310.

DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-910-7_12

The COST Action ASF-STOP brought together an extensive network of scientists of remarkable excellence on African swine fever (ASF) vaccinology, virology, immunology, diagnostics and pathology. The network also includes global leaders in wild boar ecology and management, renowned epidemiologists specialised in ASF and disease control and scientists with vast expertise in the pig sector in Europe, biosecurity, cleaning and disinfection in pig holdings. This book collects updated knowledge in these fields, with a focus on the European situation. ASFSTOP coordinated and integrated research on ASF. Despite the new knowledge generated on ASF by scientists in Europe and worldwide, many unknowns still remain. For example, many expressed ASF virus (ASFV) genes remain uncharacterised and the information is needed for efficient antiviral drug and vaccine development. Crucial interactions between ASFV and cells like macrophages or dendritic cells are not yet completely understood. Research is needed on the mechanisms of protective immunity and identifying further viral proteins for inclusion in subunit vaccines. An in-depth analysis of the impact of ASF on the structure of the pig farming system in the EU has not yet been conducted, and transmission risks from the wild boar-habitat epidemiological cycle to the domestic pig cycle are still not fully understood. The pig sector is one of the most economically significant farming sectors in the EU and pork is the most consumed meat. The EU is the world's second biggest producer of pork. In both the wild boar-habitat and the domestic pig epidemiological cycle fully implemented biosecurity can hinder or eliminate virus transmission. National legislation and EU regulations set out clear regulations for controlling ASF. However, across Europe, wild boar populations are growing in size and range and the control of ASF continues to be a major challenge. The great socio-economic impact of ASF calls for further collaborative efforts to tackle this disease.

Mots-clés : Épidémiologie; peste porcine africaine; virus peste porcine africaine; santé animale

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