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Lemon terpenes influence behavior of the African citrus triozid Trioza erytreae (Hemiptera: Triozidae)

Antwi-Agyakwa A.K., Fombong A.T., Deletre E., Ekesi S., Yusuf A.A., Pirk C.W.W., Torto B.. 2019. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 45 (11-12) : p. 934-945.

DOI: 10.1007/s10886-019-01123-y

The African citrus triozid, Trioza erytreae Del Guercio (Hemiptera: Triozidae) is one of the primary vectors of the bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter spp. which causes citrus greening, a disease of global economic importance in citrus production. Despite its economic importance, little is known about its chemical ecology. Here, we used behavioral assays and chemical analysis to study the chemical basis of interaction between T. erytreae and one of its preferred host plants, Citrus jambhiri. In dual choice Y-tube olfactometer assays, lemon leaf odors attracted females but not males compared to plain air or solvent controls. However, in a petri dish arena assay, both sexes were arrested by lemon leaf odors. Coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis revealed quantitative differences in the odors of flushing and mature leaves, dominated by terpenes. Twenty-six terpenes were identified and quantified. In Petri dish arena assays, synthetic blends of the most abundant terpenes mimicking lemon flushing leaf odors elicited varying behavioral responses from both sexes of T. erytreae. A nine-component blend and a blend of the three most abundant terpenes; limonene, sabinene and ß-ocimene arrested both sexes of T. erytreae. In contrast, a six-component blend lacking in these three components elicited an avoidance response in both sexes. Furthermore, both sexes of T. erytreae preferred the three-component synthetic blend to lemon crude volatile extract. These results suggest that lemon terpenes might be used in the management of T. erytreae.

Mots-clés : trioza; citrus jambhiri; relation hôte pathogène; composé volatil; composé de la flaveur; terpénoïde; limonène; attractif; répulsif; expérimentation en laboratoire; chromatographie; spectrométrie; kenya; trioza erytreae; sabinene; oximène

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