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Durability of lightweight concrete using oil palm shell as aggregates

Traore Y.B., Messan A., Hannawi K., Gérard J., Prince W., Tsobnang F.. 2021. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 11 (1) : p. 1-13.

DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2021.111001

Oil Palm Shell (OPS) concrete can be used in different fields of construction. To determine more accurately the fields of application, it is important to know and understand the behaviour of OPS concrete over the long term and when it is in aggressive environments. This paper presents the results of studies conducted on the durability of OPS concrete. Water absorption capacity, electrical resistivity and apparent diffusion of chloride ions have been measured on different concrete samples. In addition, the behaviour of OPS concretes to carbonation was studied in an environment rich in carbon dioxide. Results show that OPS concrete has an absorptivity of 0.97 kg/m2·h1/2, an electrical resistivity of 64.37 O·m and an apparent diffusion coefficient of chloride ions of 3.84 × 10-12 m2/s after 90 days. All these results of OPS concrete are very close to those of concrete with normal aggregate and other lightweight concrete, which mean OPS concretes have globally good properties with regard to durability.

Mots-clés : résidu de récolte; béton; utilisation des déchets; technologie des matériaux; elaeis guineensis; coques de noix de palmier à huile

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