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Ticks and tick-borne diseases in Central America and the Caribbean: A one health Perspective

Charles R.A., Bermúdez S., Banovic P., Alvarez D.O., Díaz-Sánchez A.A., Corona-González B., Etter E., Rodríguez González I., Ghafar A., Jabbar A., Moutailler S., Cabezas-Cruz A.. 2021. Pathogens, 10 (10) : 22 p..

DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10101273

Ticks have complex life cycles which involve blood-feeding stages found on wild and domestic animals, with humans as accidental hosts. At each blood-feeding stage, ticks can transmit and/or acquire pathogens from their hosts. Therefore, the circulation of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs), especially the zoonotic ones, should be studied in a multi-layered manner, including all components of the chain of infections, following the 'One Health' tenets. The implementation of such an approach requires coordination among major stakeholders (such as veterinarians, physicians, acarologists, and researchers) for the identification of exposure and infection risks and application of effective prevention measures. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge on the epidemiology of tick-borne diseases in Central America and the Caribbean and the challenges associated with the implementation of 'One Health' surveillance and control programs in the region.

Mots-clés : maladie transmissible par tiques; metastigmata; surveillance épidémiologique; transmission des maladies; agent pathogène; zoonose; amérique centrale; caraïbes; one health

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