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Perspective: Food environment research priorities for Africa - Lessons from the Africa food environment research network

Laar A., Addo P., Aryeetey R.N.O., Agyemang C., Zotor F., Asiki G., Rampalli K.K., Amevinya G.S., Tandoh A., Nanema S., Adjei-Nsiah S., Laar M.E., Mensah K., Laryea D., Sellen D., Vandevijvere S., Turner C., Osei-Kwasi H.A., Spires M., Blake C., Rowland D., Kadiyala S., Madzorera I., Diouf A., Covic N., Dzudzor I.M., Annan R., Milani P., Nortey J., Bricas N., Mphumuzi S., Yongabi Anchang K., Jafri A., Dhall M., lee A., Mackay S., Oti S.O., Hofman K., Frongillo E.A., Holdsworth M.. 2022. Advances in Nutrition, 13 (3) : p. 739-747.

DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmac019

Over the last 2 decades, many African countries have undergone dietary and nutrition transitions fueled by globalization, rapid urbanization, and development. These changes have altered African food environments and, subsequently, dietary behaviors, including food acquisition and consumption. Dietary patterns associated with the nutrition transition have contributed to Africa's complex burden of malnutrition¿obesity and other diet-related noncommunicable diseases (DR-NCDs)¿along with persistent food insecurity and undernutrition. Available evidence links unhealthy or obesogenic food environments (including those that market and offer energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages) with suboptimal diets and associated adverse health outcomes. Elsewhere, governments have responded with policies to improve food environments. However, in Africa, the necessary research and policy action have received insufficient attention. Contextual evidence to motivate, enable, and create supportive food environments in Africa for better population health is urgently needed. In November 2020, the Measurement, Evaluation, Accountability, and Leadership Support for Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention Project (MEALS4NCDs) convened the first Africa Food Environment Research Network Meeting (FERN2020). This 3-d virtual meeting brought researchers from around the world to deliberate on future directions and research priorities related to improving food environments and nutrition across the African continent. The stakeholders shared experiences, best practices, challenges, and opportunities for improving the healthfulness of food environments and related policies in low- and middle-income countries. In this article, we summarize the proceedings and research priorities identified in the meeting to advance the food environment research agenda in Africa, and thus contribute to the promotion of healthier food environments to prevent DR-NCDs, and other forms of malnutrition.

Mots-clés : systèmes alimentaires; comportement alimentaire; consommation alimentaire; alimentation humaine; politique alimentaire; sécurité alimentaire; afrique au sud du sahara; insécurité alimentaire

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