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Slash-and-burn as land clearing method for rubber smallholders in Sepunggur, Jambi Province, Sumatera, Indonesia : Results of a social/economic/agronomic/survey

Ketterings Q.M., Wibowo T.T., Penot E., Van Noordwijk M.. 2000. Montpellier : CIRAD-TERA, 16 p..

The search for alternatives to slash-and-bum agriculture and slash-and-bum as a land clearing method requires an in-depth knowledge on and diagnosis of the problems that rise with the present management system. A social / economic / agronomic survey on slash-and-burn as a land clearing method (S&B-Survey) was conducted among 30 rubber smallholders in the Sepunggur area, Jainbi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Objectives of this survey are: 1) to characterize slash-and-burn techniques; 2) to characterize farmers' perspectives on the land clearing methods related to agronomic aspects (soil fertility, plant growth, production), and 3) to evaluate the importance of and alternatives for slash-and-burn as a land clearing system to smallholders and at community level at present and in the near future. In this paper we present the results of this survey.

Mots-clés : hevea brasiliensis; petite exploitation agricole; culture itinérante; défrichement; pratique culturale; enquête; indonésie; sumatra; brûlis

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