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A compilation of known Guianan timber trees and the significance of their dispersal mode, seed size and taxonomic affinity to tropical rain forest management

Hammond D.S., Gourlet-Fleury S., Van Der Hout S., Ter Steege H., Brown V.K.. 1996. Forest Ecology and Management (83) : p. 99-116.

DOI: 10.1016/0378-1127(95)03680-6

Over 170 tree species in Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana were found to have useable timber properties. Three-quarters of these are currently, harvested in one of the three countries and less than 20% account for greater than 90% of production. Most timber species are mammal-dispersed (51%), followed by bird and wind dispersal (21 and 20%, respectively). The seeds of less than 8% of the species are transported through unassisted modes, though several of these are important timber trees. The largest seeds are associated with mammal dispersed and unassisted species. Most bird and wind dispersed species have seed sizes below the median for all timber species. The seeds of timber species in Guyana were significantly larger than non-timber species. Dispersal is important in maintaining timber tree population structures and avoiding inbreeding depression. Maintaining adequate dispersal of timber species in the Guianas depends largely on the conservation of mammals. Many species can not be dispersed by smaller animals because their seeds are too large. Wind and bird dispersed species are at a relative advantage since their seeds are smaller and can be effectively dispersed by wind and mammals in the absence of their primary agents. Available data suggest that disproportionate harvesting of mammal-dispersed species relative to their contribution to total estimated standing: volumes occurs in Guyana, while bird and wind dispersed species are the most disproportionately harvested in Suriname and French Guiana, respectively

Mots-clés : identification; inventaire forestier; dissémination des graines; distribution géographique; grosseur des semences; plante ligneuse; guyana; guyane française; suriname; france

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