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Inducibility by pathogen attack and developmental regulation of the rice Ltp1 gene

Guiderdoni E., Cordero M.J., Vignols F., Garcia-Garrido J.M., Lescot M., Tharreau D., Meynard D., Ferrière N., Nottéghem J.L., Delseny M.. 2002. Plant Molecular Biology, 49 (6) : p. 683-699.

DOI: 10.1023/A:1015595100145

Using a genomic clone encoding a rice lipid transfer protein, LTP1, we analysed the activity of the 5' region of the Ltp 1 gene in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) during plant development and under pathogen attack. The - 1176/+13, -556/+13 and -284/+13 regions of the promoter were fused upstream from the uidA reporter gene and nos 3' polyadenylation signal, resulting in the pA 1176Gus, pA556Gus and pA284Gus constructs which were transferred to rice by microprojectile bombardment. Histochemical and fluorometric GUS assays and in situ detection of uidA transcripts in transgenic homozygous lines harbouring the pA 1176Gus construct demonstrated that the Ltp1 promoter is preferentially active in aerial vegetative and reproductive organs and that both specificity and level of expression are regulated during organ development. In leaf sheath, GUS activity which is initially strictly localized in the epidermis of growing tissue, becomes restricted to the vascular system in mature tissues. In expanded leaf blade, expression of the uidA gene was restricted to the cutting level suggesting inducibility by wounding. Strong activity was detected in lemma and palea, sterile glumes, and immature anther walls and microspores but not in female reproductive organs. No GUS activity was detected during seed embryo maturation whereas the uidA gene was strongly expressed at early stages of somatic embryogenesis in scutellum tissue. The Ltp1 transcripts were found to strongly accumulate in response to inoculation with the fungal agent of the blast disease, Magnaporthe grisea, in two rice cultivars exhibiting compatible or incompatible host-pathogen interactions. Analysis of pA 1176Gus leaf samples inoculated with the blast fungus demonstrated that the Lip1 promoter is induced in all cell types of tissues surrounding the lesion and notably in stomata guard cells. In plants harbouring the Ltp1 promoter deletion construct pA 556Gus, activity was solely detected in the vascular system of mature leaves whereas no uidA gene expression was observed in pA 284Gus plants. These observations are consistent with the proposed role of LTP 1 in strenghtening of structural barriers and organ protection against mechanical disruption and pathogen attack.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; plante transgénique; gène; protéine; lipide; résistance aux maladies; contrôle de croissance

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