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The use of Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum against the grasshopper Rhammatocerus schistocercoides in Brazil

Magalhaes B.P., De Faria M.R., Lecoq M., Schmidt F.G.V., Silva J.B.T., Frazão H.S., Balança G., Foucart A.. 2001. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 10 (2) : p. 199-2002.

The control of grasshoppers in Brazil has been based exclusively on chemical insecticides (fenitrothion and malathion). However, as these products are known to be harmful to the environment, their massive use has caused concerns. in the face of pressure against their use, the development of alternative methods became imperative. Some species of entomopathogenic fungi can supplement or even replace chemical insecticides in the control of grasshoppers. An integrated research project began in Brazil in 1993 with the specific objective of developing bioinsecticides based on entomopathogenic microorganisms, especially fungi, to control grasshoppers. Activities centered in surveys, characterization, production, formulation, and field evaluation. Emphasis was given to developing the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum as the most promising biocontrol candidate. It is now known that this pathogen can be used efficiently in the control of Rhammatocerus schistocercoides in Brazil and we are verifying its effects on nontarget organisms, including other Orthoptera, Diptera and Hymenoptera. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : champignon entomopathogène; metarhizium anisopliae; lutte antiravageur; rhammatocerus schistocercoides; brésil

Thématique : Ravageurs des plantes

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