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Geographical identification for Arabica coffee in Indonesia, Bali province, Toraja district (in Sulawesi province) : Mission in Indonesia from 9th to 21th of September 2002

Jacquet M., Mawardi S., Sautier D.. 2002. Montpellier : CIRAD-CP, 47 p.. numero_rapport: CP_SIC 1554.

Several Indonesian Arabica types are recognised as good quality coffees and fetch high prices on the international market. The Indonesian authorities are keen on expanding this good reputation and on strengthening protection of the corresponding appellations through geographical identification. Geographical Indications (GI) are used to identify a product through its country or region of origin, on the understanding that this indication confers specific characteristics to the product. The Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement linked to the World Trade Organisation recognises and regulates the use of geographical indications. All WTO member states are expected to adapt their national legislation to the TRIPS agreement before 2006 at the latest. The protection of geographical indications is a relevant topic for several rural and economic development issues, such as community rights, traditional knowledge, biodiversity protection, sustainable rural livelihoods and the development of specific niche markets. The proposal for Franco-Indonesian cooperation on the identification and implementation of geographical indications for Arabica coffees dates back to the seminar on "Strengthening Intellectual Property rights" organised on September 19-20, 2001 in Jakarta. The project idea gained support from the French Embassy. Tasks planned for 2002 include several field missions. An initial mission in June-July 2002 focused on cup-testing and helped in selecting three producing areas, which could be granted a geographical identification for their Arabica coffee: Toraja district in Sulawesi, highland Bali, and central Irian Jaya. The second mission is covered by this report: it deals with post-harvest systems and socioeconomic organisation of the Arabica supply chain in two regional settings. A third mission, scheduled in October 2002, will focus on agronomic practices and geographical delimitation in just one region. Two Arabica producing areas were visited: highland Bali province and Toraja district (in Sulawesi province). A diagnosis was made of the Arabica coffee sector in each area. For both regions, the following points were considered: - Management of production and farming systems, - Farmer organisations, - Extension and other rural services, - Appraisal of the Arabica coffee processing and marketing chain, up to export, - Opportunities and constraints, which could be identified in each producing area.

Mots-clés : coffea arabica; café arabica; bali; indonésie

Documents associés

Rapport de mission

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