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Assessing the genetic diversity in the International cocoa genebank, trinidad (ICG, T) using isozyme electrophoresis and RAPD

Sounigo O., Umaharan R., Christopher Y., Sankar A., Ramdahin S.. 2005. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 52 (8) : p. 1111-1120.

DOI: 10.1007/s10722-004-6110-4

Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and isozyme electrophoresis (IE) techniques were used to estimate the level of genetic diversity in a sample of cacao germplasm existing at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Twenty-six cocoa populations represented by 459 cocoa genotypes were analysed using IE and 22 populations represented by 353 cocoa genotypes were analysed using RAPD. Despite few differences in the classification of the populations, both techniques revealed three major groups: the indigenous trees, the cultivated Trinitario and the cultivated trees from Ecuador. Two-thirds of the partitioned diversity were found within populations and one-third between the populations, with both techniques.

Mots-clés : theobroma cacao; trinité-et-tobago

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

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