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Geographical distribution of four Sugarcane yellow leaf virus genotypes

Abu Ahmad Y., Royer M., Daugrois J.H., Costet L., Lett J.M., Victoria J.I., Girard J.C., Rott P.. 2006. Plant Disease, 90 (9) : p. 1156-1160.

DOI: 10.1094/PD-90-1156

Specific primer pairs were designed to distinguish four genotypes (BRA for Brazil, CUB for Cuba, PER for Peru, and REU for Réunion Island) of Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (SCYLV) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A unique genome fragment was amplified from each genotype, with the exception of genotypes BRA and PER that are phylogenetically relatively close and were designated genotype BRA-PER. These RT-PCR primers were then used to identify the SCYLV genotype(s) present in 18 different sugarcane growing locations in the world, and 245 leaf samples infected by the virus were analyzed. Most samples were infected by only one of the three genotypes, but mixed infections occurred. Genotype BRA-PER was found in all sugarcane growing locations, whereas genotypes CUB and REU were each found in four geographical locations only. Genotypes BRA-PER, CUB, and REU were all three detected in locally bred sugarcane cultivars in Guadeloupe, indicating local transmission of these genotypes. In contrast, only genotypes BRA-PER and CUB were found in locally bred cultivars in Brazil, whereas genotype REU was detected in this country in cultivar R570 imported from Réunion. Similarly, genotypes BRA-PER and REU are both present in Réunion, but genotype BRA-PER has not, as of yet, spread on this island. Presence of several SCYLV genotypes in Brazil, Colombia, Guadeloupe, Mauritius, and Réunion suggests different virus introductions and/or different evolution histories of the virus after its introduction into a new environment.

Mots-clés : saccharum

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