Publications des agents du Cirad


Towards identification of genes involved in pathogenicity of Xanthomonas albilineans, the pathogen causing sugarcane leaf scald

Champoiseau P., Daugrois J.H., Cociancich S., Pieretti I., Royer M., Rott P.. 2006. In : 11th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria (ICPPB 2006), Edinburgh, July 10th - 14th, 2006. s.l. : s.n., 1 p.. International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, 2006-07-10/2006-07-14, Edinburgh (Royaume-Uni).

The hrp or avr genes found in most plant pathogenic bacteria were not found in Xanthomonas albilineans, the causal agent of sugarcane leaf scald. This pathogen produces, however, a pathotoxin called albicidin that is involved in disease symptom development. Recently, all genes involved in albicidin biosynthesis were cloned and sequenced. Variation in these genes was, however, not correlated with variation in pathogenicity of X. albilineans. In this study, we attempted to identify new pathogenicity genes of X. albilineans using several approaches and 19 strains of the pathogen differing in disease severity and stalk colonization in Guadeloupe. The in vitro production of albicidin varied among strains of X. albilineans, but all strains showed the same RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) pattern with albicidin biosynthetic genes and the same Spel PFGE (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) pattern. In contrast, variation among strains was found by AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) with 16 selective primer combinations, after enzymatic digestion of total genomic 'DNA with Sacl and Mspl. No relationship between this genetic variation and variation in pathogenicity was, however, identified. A phylogenetic study with housekeeping genes ihfA and efp suggested that X. albilineans is on an evolutionary road between the Xanthomonas campestris group and Xylella fastidiosa, another vascular plant pathogen that does not possess hrp or avr genes. Sequencing of the whole genome of X. albilineans, in progress at Genoscope/France, will be the next step in unravelling pathogenicity of this sugarcane pathogen. (Texte intégral)

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :