Publications des agents du Cirad


Long-term storage of animal blood on filter papers for direct detection and genotyping of viruses

Michaud V., Gil P., Kwiatek O., Prome S., Dixon L.K., Romero L., Le Potier M.F., Aria M., Couacy-Hymann E., Roger F., Libeau G., Albina E.. 2007. In : Camus Emmanuel (ed.), Cardinale Eric (ed.), Dalibard Christophe (ed.), Martinez Dominique (ed.), Renard Jean-François (ed.), Roger François (ed.). Does control of animal infectious risks offer a new international perspective ? : proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France, 20-22 August 2007. Montpellier : CIRAD, p. 130-130. International Conference of the Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine. 12, 2007-08-20/2007-08-22, Montpellier (France).

In tropical countries, the diagnosis of viral infections of humans or animals is often hampered by the necessity to maintain a cold chain for the sample preservation up to the laboratory. Here, we describe the use of filter papers for rapid sample collection, and the molecular detection and genotyping of viruses when stored over long periods at elevated temperatures. Infected blood was collected on filter papers, dried and stored at different temperatures (22, 32 and 37°C) for various period of time (up to 9 months). Two animal viruses, African swine fever, a large double-stranded DNA virus and Peste des Petits Ruminants, a negative single-stranded RNA virus were used to validate the method. Filter papers, with dried blood containing virus or control plasmid DNA, were cut in small 5 mm2 pieces and added directly to the PCR tube for conventional PCR. Nucleic acid from both viruses could still be detected after 3 months at 32°C. Moreover, the DNA virus could be detected at least 9 months after conservation at 37°C. PCR products obtained from the filter papers were sequenced and phylogenetic analysis carried out. The results were consistent with published sequences, demonstrating that this method can be used for virus genotyping. (Texte intégral)

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :