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Synténie et génome évolution chez le caféier allotétraploïde (Coffea arabica) : étude de la région SH3

Lashermes P., Combes M.C., Mahé L., Ribas A., Dechamp E., Etienne H.. 2008. In : Journée du Groupe "Cytogénétique et Polyploïdie", 2-4 avril 2008, Angers, France. s.l. : s.n., 1 p.. Journée du Groupe "Cytogénétique et Polyploïdie", 2008-04-02/2008-04-04, Angers (France).

Coffee leaf rust caused by the obligate parasitic fungus Hemileia vastatrix is an economically important disease and a major limiting factor for arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) production. While the rust resistance genes identified in C. arabica, a recent allotetraploid species (CaEa), have not provided durable resistance, resistance genes from diploid related coffee species such as C. liberica (i.e. SH3 gene) and C. canephora have provided long-lived protection under field conditions. Positional cloning of the SH3 gene has been therefore undertaken in order to enhance opportunities for genomics-enabled breeding and to gain molecular insight into rust durable resistance. Hence, we explored the possibility to utilize the exponentially increasing sequence information from model plants such as Arabidopsis and Tomato. By combining a search of Arabidopsis sequences homologous to coffee BAC-end sequences belonging to the related SH3 BAC contig and use of orthologous sequence markers, we demonstrated microsynteny between coffee and Arabidopsis duplicated counterparts. The complex duplication history of Arabidopsis did not prevent the use of Arabidopsis as model for coffee species. Furthermore, an extended colinearity between the coffee and tomato genomes was revealed for the chromosome arm carrying the SH3 locus using comparative genetic molecular mapping. This finding highlights the possibility to share genomic and genetic information among these two related crop plants. Finally, the complete sequences of homeologous coffee BAC clones (i.e. belonging to the two different genomes) from the SH3 region were determined. Preliminary analysis showed a low sequence divergence and a highly conserved colinearity between the corresponding segments of the Ca and Ea genomes. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : coffea arabica

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