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Effect of spatial heterogeneities of water fluxes and application pattern on cadusafos fate on banana-cultived andosols

Saison C., Cattan P., Louchart X., Voltz M.. 2008. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 : p. 11947-11955.

In tropical humid environments under intensive banana production, pesticide transfer in waters can be of particular concern due to heavy rainfall, steep slopes, and soils with high infiltration capacities. The transfer in percolation and runoff waters of the nematicide cadusafos was investigated during a three month field experiment. The spatial heterogeneity of the banana plantation was taken into account by measuring percolation fluxes both under the banana plants and in the interrows with a specially designed lysimeter device installed at 60 cm depth. At the field scale, 0.34% of the pesticide applied was transferred in percolation, 0.13% in runoff. Forty-nine percent of cadusafos losses occurred by percolation under the banana plants, 23% by interrow percolation, and 28% by runoff. Losses were highest during the three weeks following cadusafos application, and this is also when dissipation in the soil was highest (calculated half-life in the soil: 7d). After this period, losses of cadusafos were low, both in soil and waters. Under the banana plant, saturated fluxes carried most of the pesticide, despite total percolation fluxes being at least five-times higher than saturated ones. Although overall pesticide transfer in water was low (0.5% of applied), it was not negligible due to the frequency of pesticide application in these areas. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : contamination chimique; pollution du sol; lysimètre; eau d'infiltration; eau de ruissellement; pesticide; andosol; musa; guadeloupe

Thématique : Ravageurs des plantes; Chimie et physique du sol; Pollution

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