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Selenium distribution in camel blood and organs after different level of dietary selenium supplementation

Seboussi R., Faye B., Alhadrami G., Askar M., Ibrahim W., Mahjoub B., Hassan K., Moustafa T., Elkhouly A.. 2010. Biological Trace Element Research, 133 (1) : p. 34-50.

Eight young female camels shared in four groups of two 2 years received a basal diet enriched respectively with 0, 2, 4, and 8 mg selenium under sodium selenite form for 64 days. Feed intake was assessed daily; blood samples were taken on weekly basis. One camel from each group was killed at the end of the experiment. Se concentration in serum was increased significantly in the supplemented groups with an average of 176.3±18.0 ng/mL in the control group, 382.7±107.6 in the group receiving 2 mg Se, 519.8±168.4 in the group receiving 4 mg Se, and 533.4±158.6 in the group receiving 8 mg Se daily. For glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity, the control group (51.0 IU/g Hb) and the group receiving 2 mg (50.5 IU/g Hb) were significantly different than groups receiving 4 and 8mg (respectively, 65.9 and 76.1 IU/g Hb). No significant variation occurred for vitamin E (mean, 0.56±0.23 ng/mL). Significant correlation between serum Se and GSH-Px was reported. Kidney was the richest organ in selenium followed by lung, spleen, and liver, but the increase in supplemented groups was more marked in liver and kidney. The hair seemed to be the best indicator of selenium intake in camel. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : indicateur biologique; poils; foie; rein; composition chimique; organe; sang; glutathion péroxydase; vitamine e; selenium; complément alimentaire pour animaux; alimentation des animaux; chameau; Émirats arabes unis

Thématique : Alimentation animale; Physiologie animale : croissance et développement; Physiologie animale : nutrition

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