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Restriccion de alimento diurno reduce muerte por calor en granjas avicolas comerciales : Diurnal feed restriction reduces death by heat in commercial poultry farms

De Basilio V., Lovera M., Tepper E., Becerra A., Bastianelli D., Rojas J.. 2010. Revista Científica - FCV-LUZ, 20 (1) : p. 42-52.

The effects of both food restriction (FR) and non food restriction (NFR) in Ross broilers under commercial conditions in Cagua, Venezuela, were evaluated. At 28d of age broilers, circular fences were placed in the shed and a total of 264 broilers, half males (M), half females (F) was randomly selected and allocated into two groups that underwent two experiments (EXP): Experiment 1 (EXP1): 120 broilers; Experiment 2 (EXP2): 144 broilers. The FR lasted 7h (9:00 to 16:00h) in both EXP. The following were measured: environmental temperature (ET); body temperature (BT), hyperventilation level (HL), food consumption (FC), weight gain (WG), food conversion index (FCI), and mortality. In EXP1, BT and HL were measured in an alternate way from 30 to 40d of age. In EXP2, they were measured in parallel between 29 and 38d of age. The average ET within the shed was 29.4°C (EXP1) y 30.9°C (EXP2), 1.4°C to 2°C higher than outside it. The FC was superior in M in both EXP, but the differences were lower among sexes in broilers under FR (EXP1), although non significant. No effect on WG and FCI was found in EXP2. In EXP2, the mortality reached 24.3% (35/144) at d 35 (alleged heat stress), with 75% more in FR than in NFR broilers; with a 50% more in M compared to F with FR. In EXP2, M had a higher (0.22°C) BT than F, being the most important differences in broilers with NFR food. In general, FR reduced HL in 19.8 insp/min in EXP1 and 12.3 insp/min in EXP2, respectively. The sex did not have any effect on HL in EXP2, although it was more important for F (29.1 insp/min) than for M (10.6 insp/min) in EXP1. The reduction in the risk of mortality due to heat stress was greater in F. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : poulet; venezuela (république bolivarienne du)

Thématique : Alimentation animale; Physiologie animale : croissance et développement

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