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Development of novel microsatellite markers to identify the different invasive lineages in the Corbicula complex and to assess androgenesis

Pigneur L.M., Risterucci A.M., Dauchot N., Van Doninck K.. 2011. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11 (3) : p. 573-577.

Reliable markers are needed to identify the lineages in the invasive clam genus Corbicula. Previous studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial (mt) DNA poorly resolves Corbicula phylogeny, owing to its androgenetic reproductive mode. Moreover, hybridization and mitochondrial ? nuclear mismatches occur. We developed the first eleven polymorphic markers to detect these phenomena and to investigate the nuclear identity of Corbicula populations. These microsatellite loci revealed three main lineages inWestern Europe. One locus allowed rapid discrimination of these three lineages on agarose gel, saving time and money. Moreover, the eleven markers were successfully cross-amplified in the invasive Corbicula lineages found in North America. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : corbiculidae; europe occidentale

Thématique : Ecologie animale; Génétique et amélioration des animaux; Méthodes de relevé

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