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RNA interference against animal viruses : How morbilliviruses generate extended diversity to escape small interfering RNA control

Holz C., Albina E., Minet C., Lancelot R., Kwiatek O., Libeau G., Servan de Almeida R.. 2012. Journal of Virology, 86 (2) : p. 786-795.

Viruses are serious threats to human and animal health. Vaccines can prevent viral diseases, but few antiviral treatments are available to control evolving infections. Among new antiviral therapies, RNA interference (RNAi) has been the focus of intensive research. However, along with the development of efficient RNAi-based therapeutics comes the risk of emergence of resistant viruses. In this study, we challenged the in vitro propensity of a morbillivirus (peste des petits ruminants virus), a stable RNA virus, to escape the inhibition conferred by single or multiple small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against conserved regions of the N gene. Except with the combination of three different siRNAs, the virus systematically escaped RNAi after 3 to 20 consecutive passages. The genetic modifications involved consisted of single or multiple point nucleotide mutations and a deletion of a stretch of six nucleotides, illustrating that this virus has an unusual genomic malleability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : variation génétique; arn messager; transcription; contrôle de maladies; virus peste petits ruminants; morbillivirus

Thématique : Maladies des animaux

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