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Efficacy of tannin in fixing boron in wood: Fungal and termite resistance,

Tondi G., Wieland S., Leménager N., Petutschnigg A., Pizzi A., Thévenon M.F.. 2012. BioResources, 7 (1) : p. 1238-1252.

The easy leaching of boron from wood preservation formulations has limited the use of this highly active fungicide. The recently discovered adduct with flavonoids allows boron to be retained for longer periods of time within wood and consequently to extend its life. Two different leaching treatments were compared, and the fungal and termite decay were examined. The biological tests showed extremely high resistance of the leached samples against both fungus (Coriolus Versicolor and Coniophora Puteana) and termites (Reticulitermes Santonensis). The retention of 2.5 kg/m³ was determined as the threshold of efficacy of boron in flavonoid-based wood preservative. Furthermore, solid state 13C-NMR analysis of the tannin resin indicated that boron can be covalently fixed to the tannin-hexamine network.

Mots-clés : tannin; acide borique; produit de préservation du bois; fongicide; insecticide; bois; isoptera; champignon; pinus sylvestris; fagus sylvatica; acacia mearnsii; composé hétérocyclique; termite; hexamine

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