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Agri-BALYSE, a public LCA database of French agricultural raw products

Bessou C., Van Der Werf H.M.G., Gaillard G., Koch P., Salou T., Basset-Mens C., Gac A., Lellahi A., Paillier A.. 2012. In : Workshop on "LCA AGRI-FOOD ASIA INITIATIVE", Bangkok, Thailand, 15-16 february 2012. s.l. : s.n., 2 p.. Workshop on LCA AGRI-FOOD ASIA INITIATIVE, 2012-02-15/2012-02-16, Bangkok (Thaïlande).

Since 2009, ADEME, the French Environment and Energy Management Agency, has been working on implementing a recent French law from the Environmental Grenelle aiming to introduce environmental labeling of consumer products (Van der Werf et al., 2011). The objective of this environmental communication in France is to cover all the mass market products, encompassing 16 product categories, such as "Food and pet feed", "Finance service" or "Music instruments", which will be studied by specific working groups. The selected approach for the production of such environmental labeling is Life Cycle Assessment (ISO 14040 and 14044). Other required key points for all product categories are 1) environmental indicators are the same within a product category and their numbers must be limited, 2) carbon footprint is required for all products whatever the category, 3) the communication format has to harmonized in order to facilitate comparison, and 4) ADEME has to develop a public database in order to simplify the assessments (Cros et al., 2010). Pilot projects for several categories have been launched since 2010 with the aim to provide a common methodological framework. Within the frame of the Food and pet feed group, it was decided to create a public life cycle inventory (LCI) database of French agricultural raw products. This database, named Agri-BALYSE, is being developed by a consortium consisting of ten institutes for applied agricultural research and three agricultural research institutes specialized in the environmental analysis of farming systems. The database will apply a consistent methodology for the establishment of LCIs of plant and animal products at farm gate, following ISO norms and ILCD handbook (Van der Werf et al., 2011). The data basis will consist of 25 crop products declined in 70 LCIs, 3 LCIs for tropical products and 18 animal products with 48 declinations. A collection guide was established that defines the requirements for agricultural management data and states the rules for goal and scope definition and data documentation. The data collection tool allows for the conversion of the LCIs into Ecospold format. The LCI data should enable the calculation of the indicators identified for environmental labeling, but also of other indicators frequently used in LCA. By the end of the project, around June 2013, LCIs for the most representative production systems and production modes of the main French crop and animal products will be delivered based on consensual methods developed in the project (Van der Werf et al., 2011).
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