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Camel sciences and economy in the world: current situation and perspectives

Faye B., Bonnet P.. 2012. In : Keynote presentations of 3rd Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development. s.l. : s.n., p. 2-15. Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development/ISOCARD 2012. 3, 2012-01-29/2012-02-01, Muscat (Oman).

Based on the official FAO statistics, the present paper aims to propose an analysis of the current situation of camel economy worldwide and of the main trends since 1961, date of the first available international data. The main field involved the camel population, the camel milk production and consumption, the camel meat production and consumption, and finally some remarks on camel sciences today. It appears on a worldwide basis that the camel population is not endangered even though there are some countries marked by a strong or regular decline of their camel population. Camel products are regularly increased but this trend is mainly due to an increase in the camel population and slaughtering rate (for meat) or proportion of lactating animals (for milk) than to the improvement of the productivity. Indeed, neither the average carcass weight (183 to 205 kg/carcass), nor the dairy yield (331 to 337 l/100Kg LW/year) have changed significantly between 1961 and 2009. Special efforts have been undertaken by camel research and development for answering to food safety challenge in arid lands. Regarding camel sciences, the number of publications involving the camel is regularly increasing, but still there is a lack of studies on important challenges regarding camel, especially in local economy, milk and meat production improvement, multifactorial diseases and interactions with the environment.

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