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Analysis of the expression of the AGL17-like clade of MADS-box transcription factors in rice

Puig J., Meynard D., Khong N.G., Pauluzzi G., Guiderdoni E., Gantet P.. 2013. Gene Expression Patterns, 13 (5-6) : p. 160-170.

DOI: 10.1016/j.gep.2013.02.004

In plants, MADS-box transcription factors are key regulators of floral and fruit development, organ dehiscence and stress responses. Nevertheless, the functions of most of them are still unknown. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the AGL17-like clade of MADS-box transcription factors comprises four members. AGL17 is involved in floral induction, whereas AGL44/ANR1 is involved in the adaptive development of roots in response to nitrate. AGL21 is primarily expressed in the roots and AGL16 in the leaves, suggesting that these transcription factors may be involved in the control of vegetative development. In Oryza sativa, the AGL17-like clade comprises five members, OsMADS23, OsMADS25, OsMADS27, OsMADS57 and OsMADS61. In a first attempt to characterize their functions, we used promoter::Gus reporter gene fusions and RT-qPCR to study the expression patterns of these genes and their regulation by different external stimuli. The OsMADS23, OsMADS25, OsMADS27 and OsMADS57 promoters were active in the root's central cylinder. In addition, the OsMADS57 promoter was active in leaves, whereas the OsMADS61 promoter was only active in the leaf tips and the stem base. OsMADS25 and OsMADS27 transcripts accumulated in response to osmotic stress, whereas the expression levels of OsMADS25, OsMADS27 and OsMADS57 were slightly induced by nitrate. Each of these five genes was responsive to various hormonal treatments. These distinct expression patterns indicate that these five genes have specific and non-redundant functions that likely differs from those of their A. thaliana homologs.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; arabidopsis thaliana; expression des gènes; séquence nucléotidique; transcription; azote; stress osmotique; hormone; génie génétique; plante transgénique; amélioration des plantes; promoteur

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