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Influence of Water Deficit on the Physiological and Biochemical Parameters of in vitro Plants from Hevea brasiliensis Clone PB 260

Sanier C., Oliver G., Clément-Vidal A., Fabre D., Lardet L., Montoro P.. 2013. Journal of Rubber Research, 16 (1) : p. 61-74.

The influence of a water deficit was investigated on in vitro plantlets from the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) clone PB 260. The Fraction of Transpirable Soil Water (FTSW) was used to identify three levels of water deficit. Transpiration and stomatal conductance decreased for a FTSW of 0.4 while fluorescence appeared more stable. Proline and ascorbate contents increased from the same level of water deficit. Antioxidant enzyme activities were more stable than glutathione reductase activity, which dramatically increased in line with the water deficit to peak at 0.12 UI/mg for a FTSW of 0.2. When plants were rehydrated, enzyme activities decreased. The accumulation of proline for the lowest FTSW suggested water stress. Antioxidant systems did not play a predominant role for this genotype. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : déficit hydrique du sol; stress dû à la sécheresse; proline; glutathion réductase; péroxydase; physiologie végétale; culture in vitro; vitroplant; hevea brasiliensis

Thématique : Multiplication végétative des plantes; Physiologie et biochimie végétales; Troubles divers des plantes; Chimie et physique du sol

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